Answered By: Leecy Barnett
Last Updated: Jul 12, 2018     Views: 628

The 6th edition of APA's Publication Manual stipulates that reference list entries are not required when you cite “ancient Greek and Roman works or classical religious works” (p. 179). These works are so widely known and available that all that is required is an in-text citation.

If you’re paraphrasing or quoting specific parts of a classical work, also provide the relevant names and/or numbers of chapters/verses/lines. These books “are numbered systematically across all editions, so use these numbers instead of page numbers when referring to specific parts of your source” (p. 179). Again, include the version name upon first cite only.

Example of how to cite when you are directly quoting (first cite):

The Bible enumerates these virtues: “And now these three   remain: faith,hope and love. But the greatest of these is love” (1 Cor. 13:1   New International Version).

Example of how to cite when you are paraphrasing (first cite):

In 1 Cor. 13:1 (New International Version), the Bible states that of the three virtues of love, faith, and hope, love is the greatest.

For more information, go to the APA Blog Citation of Classical Works


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