Answered By: Amy Filiatreau
Last Updated: Jul 11, 2018     Views: 10206

Phone calls are considered "personal communication" in APA style.

Because they do not contain "recoverable data" - meaning, no one else could go 'look it up' after the phone conversation is over - these are not included in the reference list at the end of the paper. However you can include it as an in-text citation.

Personal Communication includes letters, phone calls, email messages, and interviews.

In-Text Citation:

(Interviewee First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, personal communication, Month Day,
Example: (A. Smith, personal communication, September 27, 2013)

Do not include in your references list.

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